Best Practice References - Ecological Dimension of Sustainability

Ecological Dimension: Common resources are used sustainably.   

  

1. Water – Quality and Quantity

Van Eekeren, N., Bokhorst, J., Brussaard, L. & Koopmans, C. (2011) Effect of grass-clover on the ecosystem services soil structure maintenance and water regulation. In: D. Neuhoff, N. Halberg, I.A. Rasmussen, J. Hermansen, C. Ssekyewa and S. Mok Sohn (eds). Organic is Life – Knowledge for Tomorrow. Proceedings of the Third Scientific Conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR). 28 September  - 1. October 2011. Vol. 1 Organic Crop Production. Namyangju, Korea. pp 44- 47.  

     

2. Soil and Fertility

Bokhorst, J.G., ter Berg C., Zanen M. & Koopmans C.J. (2008). The MAC trial – results from a long-term organic inputs trial. Louis Bolk Institute, Driebergen.

Fleissbach, A., Oberholzer, H.-R. Gunst, L. and Mäder, P.  (2006). Soil organic matter and biological soil quality indicators after 21 years of organic and conventional farming.  Agriculture, Ecosystems and the Environment 118: 273-284.

Gattinger, A., Müller, A., Häni, M., Oehen, B. and Niggli, U. 2010. Klimaleistungen des Biolandbaus - Fakten und Hintergründe Frick.

Howard, Sir Albert, 2006. The Soil and Health, Lexington - University Press of Kentucky (originally published: New York : Devin-Adair Company, 1947)

Koopmans, C.J.  & J. Bokhorst (2002). Nitrogen mineralization in organic farming systems: validation of the NDICEA model. Agronomie, 22: 855-862.

Koopmans, C.J. & F.W. Smeding (2008). A conceptual framework for soil management and its effect on soil biodiversity in organic and low input farming. In: D. Neuhoff et al. (eds.) Cultivating the future based on science. Volume 1. Proceedings of the second scientific conference of the International Society of Organic Agricultural Research (ISOFAR), 18-20 June 2008, Modena, Italy. p. 66-69.

Koopmans C.J. & F. G. Wijnands. 2009. Dutch Research on Organic Agriculture: approaches and characteristics. In: Sukkel W. and M Hommes. Research on organic agriculture in the Netherlands. p. 14-23. Wageningen UR and Louis Bolk Institute.

Koopmans, C.J. & M. Zanen (2005). Nitrogen efficiency in organic farming using a GPS precision farming technique. In: U. Köpke, U. Nigli, D. Neuhof, P. Cornish, W. Lockeretz, H. Willer (eds.). Researching sustainable systems. Proceedings of the first scientific conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR). 21-23 September 2005, pp. 56-59. Adelaide, South Austalia.

Lotter, D.W., Seidel, R., Liebhardt, W., 2003. The performance of organic and conventional cropping systems in an extreme climate year. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 18, 146-154.

Mäder, P. Fliessbach, A., Dubois, D. Gunst, L., Fried, P, Niggli, U. 2002. Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farming. Science 296: 1694-1697.

Reganold, J.P., Elliott, L.F. and Unger, Y.L. 1987. Long-term effects of organic and conventional farming on soil erosion. Nature 330: 370-372.

Van der Burgt, G.J., Scholberg, J. & C.J. Koopmans (2011) Developing novel farming systems: effective use of nutrients from cover crops in intensive Organic Farming. In: D. Neuhoff, N. Halberg, I.A. Rasmussen, J. Hermansen, C. Sekyewa and S. Mok Sohn (eds). Organic is Life – Knowledge for Tomorrow. Proceedings of the Third Scientific Conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR). 28 September  - 1. October 2011. Vol. 1 Organic Crop Production. Namyangju, Korea. pp. 32-35.

           

3. Biodiversity        

Bengtsson, J., Ahnström, J. and A.-C. Weibull. 2005. The effects of organic agriculture on biodiversity and abundance: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology 42: 261-269.

Fuller, R.J., Norton, L.R. Feber, R.E. . Johnson,P.J Chamberlain, D.E. Joys, A.C. Mathews, F. Stuart,R.C.  Townsend, M.C. Manley, W.J. Wolfe, M.S. Macdonald,D.W.  and Firbank, L.G. 2005. Benefits of organic farming to biodiversity vary among taxa. Biology Letters 1: 431–434.

Hole, D.G., Perkins, A.J. Wilson, J.D. Alexander, I.H. Grice, P.V. and Evans, A.D. 2005. Does organic farming benefit biodiversity? Biological Conservation 122: 113–130.

IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements). 2009 Guide to Biodiversity and Landscape Quality in Organic Agriculture.

Lammerts van Bueren, E.T., P.C. Struik & E. Jacobsen, 2002. Ecological aspects in organic farming and its consequences for an organic crop ideotype. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 50:1-26.

Lammerts van Bueren, E.T., P.C. Struik, M. Tiemens-Hulscher & E. Jacobsen, 2003. The concepts of intrinsic value and integrity of plants in organic plant breeding and propagation. Crop Science 43: 1922-1929.

Lin, B.B.  2011. Resilience in agriculture through crop diversification: adaptive management for environmental change. BioScience 61: 183-193.

Niggli, U., A. Fließbach, M. Stolze, J. Sanders, C. Schader, G. Wyss, O. Balmer, L. Pfi ffner, and E. Wyss. 2008. Gesellschaftliche leistungen der biologischen landwirtschaft . Frick: Forschungsinstitut für Biologischen Landbau (FiBL).

Schader, C., Stolze, M. and Gattinger, A. (2012). 'Environmental performance of organic agriculture'. in Boye, J. and Arcand, Y. (eds.), Green Technologies in Food Production and Processing, New York: Springer, pp. 183-206.

Verhoog, H., M. Matze, Lammerts van Bueren E. & Baars, T. (2003). The role of the concept of the natural (naturalness) in organic farming. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16: 29-49.

4. Humane and healthy animal production

Wagenaar, J.P.T.M. J. Langhout, Practical implications of increasing ‘natural living’ through suckling systems in organic dairy calf rearing, NJAS – Wageningen J. Life Sci. 54 (2007) 375–386. Effect of production system, alternative treatments and calf rearing system on udder health in organic dairy cows.

Wagenaar, J.-P. P. Klocke, G. Butler, G. Smolders, J.H. Nielsen, A. Canever, C. Leifert. 2011. Effect of production system, alternative treatments and calf rearing system on udder health in organic dairy cows, NJAS – Wageningen J. Life Sci.

 

5. Atmosphere - Greenhouse gases and air pollution

Benbrook, C.M. and Baker, B.P. 2012. Shades of green: Global implications and choices for dairy systems in the United States. Presented at Tackling the Future – 2nd Organic Animal Husbandry Conference, Hamburg, Trenthorst, Germany, 12-14 September 2012.

Gattinger, A., Mueller, A., Haeni, M., Skinner, C., Fliessbach, A., Buchmann, N., Mäder, P. Stolze, M., Smith, P., El-Hage Scialabba, N., and Niggli, U. 2012. Enhanced top soil carbon stocks under organic farming . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements). 2012b. Organic agriculture and climate change adaptation and mitigation in the context of food security. http://www.ifoam.org/pdfs/OrganicAgricultureandClimateChange.pdf

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2007. IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group I, The Physical Science Basis. http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch2.html

Koopmans, C.J., Bos, M. M. & B. Luske (2011). Resilience to a changing climate: carbon stocks in two organic farming systems in Africa. In: D. Neuhoff, N. Halberg, I.A. Rasmussen, J. Hermansen, C. Sekyewa and S. Mok Sohn (eds). Organic is Life – Knowledge for Tomorrow. Proceedings of the Third Scientific Conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR). 28 September  - 1. October 2011. Vol. 2 Socio-Economy, Livestock, Food Quality, Agro-Ecology and Knowledge Dissemintaion. Namyangju, Korea. pp. 273-276.

Niggli, U. and El-Hage Scialabba, N. 2011. Round Table On Organic Agriculture and Climate Change. Rome: FAO.

Niggli, U., Fliessbach, A., Hepperly, P. and Scialabba, N. (2009). 'Low Greenhouse Gas Agriculture: Mitigation and Adaptation Potential of Sustainable Farming Systems', Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/010/ai781e/ai781e00.pdf.

Smith, P., Martino, D., Cai, Z., Gwary, D., Janzen, H., Kumar, P., McCarl, B., Ogle, S., O’Mara, F., Rice, C., Scholes, B., Sirotenko, O., 2007. Agriculture. Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press.

Vermeulen, S.J., Aggarwal, P.K., Ainslie, A., Angelone, C., Campbell, B.M., Challinor, A.J., Hansen, J.W., Ingram, J.S.I., Jarvis, A., Kristjanson, P., Lau, C., Nelson, G.C., Thornton, P.K., Wollenberg, E., 2012. Options for support to agriculture and food security under climate change. Environmental Science & Policy 15, 136-144

 

6. Energy