Organic farming is by its very nature based on biodiversity. Many of its practices conserve and enhance a rich diversity, for example:
• Mixed farming with crops and animals. For example rice farmers in Bangladesh stopped using pesticides and started to rear fish in their rice fields and planted vegetables on paddy field dikes, thus introducing a substantial increase in biodiversity.
• Crop rotation is required practice in all organic farming.
• Trees, hedges and field margins maintain a rich diversity of natural predators such as spiders, birds and beetles that help to control pests.
• By solely using organic fertilizers the fertility of the soil and the diversity of soil organisms is enhanced.
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